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    Combination with chemical fungicides and fungicidal seed treatment agents
    Combination with herbicides
    Combination with insecticides
    Combination with other biostimulants and plant growth regulators
    Combination with fertilizers
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    Untitled Document

    Combination with insecticides

    Cereals Potatoes Maize Flax Sunflower Sugar beet Grain crops and panicled cereals Legumes Fodder crops Vegetables Horticultures and berries Vine Decorative and other cultures

    Materials of this chapter were also published in:
    • Zlotnikov A.K. Assessment of Albit efficiency in the system of field crops protection against insects / A.K. Zlotnikov, A.T. Podvarko, T.A. Ryabchinskaya, N.A. Kudryavtsev, K.M. Zlotnikov, I.M. Khanieva // Zemledelie. 2017. 4. P. 37-42. (In Russian)
    • Podvarko A.T. Impact of the biopreparation Albit on the resistance of agricultures towards pests / A.T. Podvarko, T.A. Ryabchinskaya, N.A. Kudryavtsev, A.K. Zlotnikov, K.M. Zlotnikov // Vladimirskiy Zemledelets (Vladimirs agriculturist). 2017. 1 (79). P. 29-32. (In Russian)
    • Zlotnikov, A.K. (2007) Efficiency of Albit jointly used with insecticides on canola. / Zlotnikov A.K., Sergeev V.R., Begunov I.I., Lebedev V.B. // Plant protection and quarantine. Nr. 8, p. 40
    • Biostimulant Albit for increasing yields and protection of agricultures against diseases, A.K. Zlotnikov, Ed. Prof. . Melkumova. All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, Russia, 2006

    Albit is well-applicable in combination with insecticides, that visibly reduces insecticide-induced stress effect on treated plants.

    Insecticides are group of pesticides used to control insect pests. Generally, insecticides are united with acaricides (pesticides against pathogenic mites), since they have the same mechanisms of action. Thus, this group of pesticides can be called insectoacaricides. Sometimes, term 'insecticide' is used as short form of 'insectoacaricide'. Like fungicides and herbicides, insecticides cause considerable stressful effect on plants, that leads to yield losses and decreased yield quality (for example, decreased gluten content).

    Efficiency of Albit/insecticide combinations was demonstrated in field trials carried out by farms of Krasnodar and Stavropol krais, Vladimir, Nizhniy Novrorod and Rostov oblasts, All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2003, 2004) on fungicides based on thiamethoxam, lambda-cyhalothrin, diquat, carbofuran, dimethoate, cypermethrin, diazinon, deltamethrin, malathion and others. There have been no cases of incompatibility or decreased efficiency of insecticides used jointly with Albit yet.

    With the lapse of time, insect pests injure cereal crops more and more. This in jury is not just the mechanical damage of plants: insects (for example, aphids of cereals and swedish fly) are also carriers of viral diseases. It was especially actual in Russia in 2005, when many farmers had to use insecticides for the first time so save yield. Combinations of Albit with insecticides (for example, with diazinon and deltamethrin based ones against cereal aphids and cereal leaf beetle) were also tested.

    Plant immune system is universal and ensures resistance both to biotic (bacteria, fungi, arthropoda pests) and abiotic stresses (extreme temperature, humidity, radiation, pesticide stress). Immunizers causing plant resistance to one pathogens, sometimes can cause cross resistance to another. Biopreparation Albit consists of metabolites of rhizosphere bacteria and has immunizing, adaptogenic, growth-stimulating effects, and antistress activity. Field trials with the biopreparation on cereals (oats, winter wheat), canola, fiber flax in 2006-2012 revealed protective activity of Albit against several species of plant pests. It was established that seed treatment and foliar spraying with Albit increased resistance of oats to Oscinella frit L., Eurigaster integriceps Put., Agromiza mobilis Mg., Phyllotreta vittula Redt. (at biological efficacy level 2771 %), fiber flax to Aphthona euphorbiae Schr. (21.1 %), wheat to Haplothrips tritici Kurd. (19 %), canola to Phyllotreta nemorum L., Thysanoptera (imago) and Plutella maculipennis Curt. (from 10 to 16.6 %). Albit application in tank mix with insecticides positively influenced not only on biological efficacy of insecticides (efficacy of insecticides increased by 20 % on average), but also on crop yield (increase by 7 to 28 % as compared to pure insecticide).

    Thus, the data obtained in field trials starting from 2006 (on cereals, soybean, flax, and rapeseed) allow to conclude that combined application of insecticides with Albit is useful from the standpoint of their control efficacy and improvement of yields.

    One good example of such combination efficiency is joint application of Albit with lambda-cyhalothrin based insecticide on spring wheat and barley in Pushkinskoe experimental farm (Nizhniy Novgorod oblast) against leaf miners and flea beetles. Area of field, used in the trial, exceeded 2000 hectares; in 2004 the insecticide was used alone, in 2005 in combination with Albit. Despite possible differences in plants response in different years, one can note positive tendency. Albit did not decreased efficiency of the insecticide, but, due to its immunizing activity, it reduced yield losses caused by diseases (Table 15). Owing to Albit, total yield losses caused by pests and diseases were reduced by 30% (wheat) and 32% (barley) on average. These values almost twice exceeds average yield increase provided by pure Albit on these cultures (16-18%). Therefore, obtained effect might be created also by antistress activity of Albit.

    Table 1. Reduction of yield losses of cereals caused by diseases and insect pests due to application of lambda-cyhalothrin based insecticide alone (2004) and in combination with Albit (2005) (Pushkinskoe experimental farm)
    Crop Yield losses caused by diseases(Helminthosporium rot, powdery mildew, rusts, root rots), % Yield losses caused by insect pests (leaf miners, flea beetles), %
    2004 2005 2004 2005
    Spring wheat (var. Tulaykovskaya, Kurskaya) 3643 710 1015 10
    Spring barley (var . Ataman , Prima Belorussii) 3545 611 810 512

    It is well known, that application of insecticides against shield-backed bugs suppresses plant growth, transportation of photosynthesis products, reduces synthesis of gluten in grain, decreases yield quality. Combination of insecticides with Albit abolishes this effect, that leads to increase of gluten content in grain by 1.2-4.6% comparing to variant treated with insecticide only. In Rostov oblast (1999-2004) Albit was successfully used in combinations with insecticides against shield-backed bugs in EC stages 50-69. Application of such combination provided abolishment of plant growth suppression effect and stable yield of 45-49 centners/hectare contained 26-29% of gluten having Gluten Deformation Index of 65-95.

    High effectiveness of Albit/malathion-based fungicide combination was demonstrated in trial carried out by Vladimir Regional Plant Protection Station on white cabbage (2004).

    Albit used in combination with thiamethoxam based insecticide (against Colorado beetle) did not decrease insecticides effectiveness (All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection); in contrary, application of the combination even increased total effect of insecticide on yield, possibly, due to relieving insecticides toxic influence on plants. Thus, yield increase due to treatment with the insecticide only was 10.6%, whereas treatment with Albit/insecticide combination provided yield of 18.5%. Analogous data on potato were obtained by All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection in experiments on fipronil based insecticide in 2003.

    According to data of Scientific Agricultural Institute of South-East (2005, 2006), All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection (2006) and All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection (2006), the highest yield increase due to Albit/insecticide application is demonstrated by canola. In trials, insecticides based on alpha-cypermethrin, deltamethrin and beta-cypermethrin were used on winter and spring canola starting from coming-up until beginning of flowering to control bugs, blossom beetle, turnip sawfly, red turnip beetle, cabbage white butterfly, cabbage moth and cabbage stem flea beetle. Addition of Albit to insecticides did not decrease insecticides efficiency; instead, it visibly increased yield of seeds and oil output.

    Results of field trials on joint application of Albit and insecticides are summarized in table 2.

    Table 2. Application of Albit in combination with insecticides (summarizing table of all trials carried out in 2003-2006)
    Nr. Active ingredient of used insecticide Crop Yield, centners/hectare Yield increase provided by application of Albit Source, year Comments
    insecticide insecticide + Albit centners/hectare %
    1. deltamethrin winter canola 13 15.5 2.5 19 All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, 2006 Albit 0.03 L/hectare.
    2. deltamethrin winter canola 13 16 3 23 All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, 2006 Albit 0.04 L/hectare.
    3. deltamethrin winter canola 13 18 5 38 All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, 2006 Albit 0.06 L/hectare.
    4. lambda-cyhalothrin winter wheat 45 47.8 2.8 5 Krasnodar Regional Plant Protection Station, 2006  
    5. lambda-cyhalothrin winter wheat 71 Pushkinskoye experimental farm, 2004-2005 Application of Albit decreased total yield losses caused by diseases and pests from 18% to 52%
    6. lambda-cyhalothrin winter wheat 80 Pushkinskoye experimental farm, 2004-2005 Application of Albit decreased total yield losses caused by diseases and pests from 17% to 54%
    7. lambda-cyhalothrin spring barley 54 Pushkinskoye experimental farm, 2004-2005 Application of Albit decreased total yield losses caused by diseases and pests from 12% to 43%
    8. lambda-cyhalothrin spring barley 75 Pushkinskoye experimental farm, 2004-2005 Application of Albit decreased total yield losses caused by diseases and pests from 23% to 56%
    9. beta-cypermethrin spring canola 12.5 15.6 3.1 20 Agricultural Scientific Institute of South-East, 2005 Albit 0.05 L/hectare
    10. beta-cypermethrin spring canola 10.2 16.7 6.5 64 Agricultural Scientific Institute of South-East, 2006 Albit 0.03 L/hectare
    11. beta-cypermethrin spring canola 10.2 17.8 7.6 74 Agricultural Scientific Institute of South-East, 2006 Albit 0.05 L/hectare
    12. beta-cypermethrin spring canola 10.2 19.7 9.5 93 Agricultural Scientific Institute of South-East, 2006 Albit 0.07 L/hectare
    13. beta-cypermethrin + dimethoate onion 170 200 30 17 Collective farm, . .. 2006 accompanied with herbicidal (trifluralin) and fungicidal (mancozeb + dimethomorp) treatments
    14. thiamethoxam potato 103.5 110.9 7.4 7 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2004  
    15. fipronil potato 362 406 44 12 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2003
    16. alpha-cypermethrin spring canola 35.3 41.3 6 17 All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, 2006  
    17. malathion white cabbage 280 320 40 14 Vlad imir Regional Plant Protection Station, 2006 accompanied with herbicidal (trifluralin)
    18. carbofuran* sugar beet 331.3 369 37.7 11 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2003 Albit 0.03 L/tonne
    19. carbofuran* sugar beet 337.3 378.8 41.5 12 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2004 Albit 0.03 L/tonne
    20. carbofuran* sugar beet 337.3 501.3 164 49 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2004 Albit 0.05 L/tonne
    21. carbofuran* sugar beet 217.8 265.5 47.7 22 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2005 presowing treatment was performed 1 week before sowing
    22. carbofuran* sugar beet 217.8 255 37.7 17 All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection 2005 presowing treatment was performed 4 weeks before sowing
    (-) no data
    * insecticidal seed treatment agent

    Thus, based on field trial data of many years, it can be concluded thatAlbit boosts the level of resistance of cereals, legumes, potato, vegetable and other crops towards insect pests by ca. 20%. By the same degree, biological efficacy and yields are increased in variants with Albit + insecticide treatments vs. pure insecticide treated variants.

     



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