Triticale, winter and spring
Winter and spring triticale
triticale Albit is applied as antidote for
reducing of phytotoxic effect of pesticides. Also Albit increases germination,
activates growth and development, increases resistance to unfavorable climate
conditions and diseases, increases yield, improves yield quality.
On triticale Albit was applied in the Chuvashia Research Institute of Agriculture
(Chuvashia NIISH, 2003Ц2004), All-Russia Research Institute of Legumes and
Groat Crops (VNIIZBK, Orel oblast, 2009), and in other farms and scientific
Field trial on winter triticale was conducted in the Chuvashia
NIISH in 2003. In autumn plants, infested with root rots, were treated with
Albit (foliar spraying). Biological efficacy of Albit against root rots was
70%, integrity of plants was higher by 20% (vs. control).
Thus, foliar spraying with Albit against diseases improved plants: increased
tilling capacity (by 45.7%), root system (by 75.9%) and stem
(by 21.2%) were vigorously developed.
In autumn applying of Albit on winter triticale with fungicides (in phase
of tilleringЦstem elongation) increased length of ear (by 2.8%), number of
grains in ear (by 5.5%), grain unit (by 7.7%), yield (yield increase 0.55 t/ha,
14% to control). Payback of one ruble, expended on Albit, was 21 rubles.
Field trial on spring triticale was conducted in the VNIIZBK
(Orel oblast) in 2009. Albit had growth stimulating effect in trial conducted
in laboratory: length of germs was increased (length of roots and germs on
4th and 8th day after seeding). In was shown that seed treatment with Albit
in doses 50Ц100 mL/t promoted to maximal length of germs. Increase of sowing
qualities of seeds was also observed. In variants with seed treatment with
Albit in doses 50, 75 and 100 mL/t germination energy increased up to 6Ц7%.
In 2009 limitation of moisture and abundance of warm in May promoted to stress
conditions for young growth. Seeds treated with Albit (50 mL/t) better sustained
to drought in May. More friendly young growths were observed on plots treated
with Albit: acceleration of plant development by 2Ц3 days was observed in phase
of young growths. Increased germination of seeds by 4Ц5% (vs. control) was
observed. The maximal efficacy was obtained in variant with seed treatment
with Albit and fungicide (a.i. flutriafol + thiabendazole). Increased germination
(vs. control) in this variant was 7%. Thus, in variant with Albit treatment
acceleration of plant development in the beginning of vegetation was 11.5Ц13.4%
Yield of triticale treated with Albit increased by 0.21Ц0.55
t/ha (by 4.1Ц10.9% vs. control), without exceeding of parameter of chemical
standard (a.i. flutriafol + thiabendazole, 11.1%). Also, yield quality increased
in variant with Albit treatment and Albit + fungicide (protein content and
weight of 1000 grains).
Application recommendations. Recommended
full treatment of triticale with Albit includes presowing seed
treatment (application rate 10 L/t) and
1-fold foliar spraying (BBCH
20Ц30). It is reasonable to apply Albit together with fungicides
(full or halved dose) during the presowing seed treatment and with herbicides,
liquid fertilizers or insecticides during spray treatments. Seed treatment
with Albit in case of presence of smut or other internal diseases must be performed
jointly with chemical fungicide treatment. Recommended application rates of
Albit are: 50 mL/t for presowing seed treatment and
30Ц50 mL/ha for foliar spraying (application
rate 200 L/ha). The higher dose of Albit (50 mL/t) is used for immunization
of plants during vegetation season.