Materials of this chapter are also published in:
Х Kirsanova E.V. (2003) Ecological aspects of application of biostimulants on
legumes and groat crops. Materials of All-Russia scientific and practical conference
СWays of increasing effectiveness of agricultural scienceТ. Oryol, 14-16 Jul 2003,
Х Kirsanova E.V., Putintsev A.F., Zhuk G.P., Glazova Z.I., Zlotnikov K.M., Zlotnikov A.K.,
Gins V.K. (2004) Biostimulant Albit is effective on legumes and groat crops. Zemledelie.
Nr. 6. p. 40-42.
Influence of Albit on pea was examined in 6 field trials by All-Russia Institute of
Legumes and Groat Crops and All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed
Breeding. Trials were performed in 2001-2003 on the following pea varieties: Orlus,
Truzhenik, Vega, Orlovchanin, and Nord.
Pea contains more than 150 g of digestable protein per 1 feed unit, whereas other
forage crops, such as maize, barley, oat, contain 59, 70, 83 g respectively (animal
nutrition standard Ц 110-120 g). High nutritious value of pea makes it a quite promising
culture. Treatment with Albit is able to considerably increase its yield.
According to results of the trials, treatment with Albit increased yield of pea by 2.5
centners/hectare (14.4% over control). Depending on year, variety and growing region
yield increase varied from 1.0 to 6.2 centners/hectare. Yield of green biomass is also
increased averagely by 18.0%. According to results of All-Russia Institute of Vegetable
Selection and Seed Breeding, pea gives the highest yield increase in response to Albit
treatment among all other tested legumes (soybean, kidney bean, lentil, fodder bean,
It is necessary to note that presowing seed treatment of pea with Albit is efficient
against root rots of different origin (Fusarium spp., Pythium debaryanum
Hesse, Rhizoctonia sp.), which cannot be completely controlled by chemical
protectants. The average Biological Efficiency (BE) of Albit against rot rots of pea
is 41.4%, maximal BE is 73%; this is equal or even higher than BE of standard chemical
protectants. Fungicidal activity of Albit was observed at disease prevalence of 90-100%
and disease development of 25-61%. Albit is officially registered in Russia as
fungicide against Fusarium root rot of pea.
Besides increase of yield and control of diseases, Albit increases germination and
germination power, length of stems and roots, number of productive nodes, blossoming
abundance, number and weight of pods and seeds from one plant plant, decreases accumulation
of radionuclides in yield.
Application recommendations. It is recommended to perform
presowing seed treatment and foliar spraying in budding stage.
To decrease infestation of plants with root rots, one presowing treatment is sufficient;
extra foliar spraying should be applied to obtain maximal yield. The recommended
application rates of Albit are 50 ml/tonne, 30-40 ml/hectare. Average cost of presowing
seed treatment of pea with Albit is 110 roubles; cost of foliar spraying of 1
hectare is 66-88 roubles.
Foliar spraying with Albit is recommended to be combined with scheduled insecticide
(based on alfa-cipermethrin, dimetoate) and herbicide (imazamox, bentazone) treatments
to relieve toxical influence of pesticides and increase of yield. In these cases, application
schedule of Albit can be changed to fit to application recommendations of corresponding
insecticides and herbicides.
Albit demonstrated high economical efficiency on pea. Full
treatment of pea with Albit (presowing treatment + foliar spraying)
takes 40 ml of the pesticide, that corresponds to 88 roubles/hectare. Adding
the treatment expenses, the real cost of Albit treatment is 225-350 roubles
depending on way of treatment (presowing treatment, foliar spraying or combination
of these treatments) One litre of Albit can be used for treatment
of 22.2 hectares and provides 56 centners of additional pea yield. According
to data of All-Russia Institute of Legumes and Groat Crops (2001-2003), net
profit of Albit treatment is 600-2500 roubles from one hectare (based
on all trials conducted in Russia in 2001-2004: to calculate equivalents in
Euros, please use 2004 exchange rate of 1 Euro = 35 Rubles). Profitability
of Albit treatments of pea is 190-640%.
Results of long-term practical application of Albit on green pea
in Krasnodar krai confirmed that this culture give even higher yield increase in
response to Albit than fodder pea. Application rates and ways of treatment for green
pea are the same, but economical effectiveness of Albit treatments is considerably
higher due to high cost of final production.