Materials of this chapter were also published in:
Zlotnikov, A.K., Gins, V.K., , Zlotnikov, K.M. (2001) Influence of treatments with biostimulant
Albit and rhizosphere bacteria Bacillus firmus E3 and Klebsiella terrigena E6 on amaranth growth.
Materials of IV international conference СNew and non-traditional plants and prospects of their
applicationТ, Published by People`s Friendship University of Russia, p. 54-56.
Nowadays, the new promising crop, amaranth, is getting more and more propagated in farming
practice of many countries. Although generally regarded as a new crop, Amaranth has been
cultivated in Mexico and South America for over 2000 years. The grain species with the
highest commercial potential are Amaranthus cruentus, A. caudata and A.
hypochrondiacus; the latter being the highest yielding and most robust.
Amaranth is one of the few non-grasses with potential for becoming a cereal-like grain
crop. Amaranth crops are hardy, provide good yields in dry and drought conditions, and
therefore may be suitable as an alternative for sectors of the world rural industry.
Despite poor usage of this plant in Russia, the example of foreign countries let us hope
that it will take proper place in Russian agriculture with the lapse of time.
Genus Amaranthus L. relates to division Magnoliophyta, class
Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Amaranthaceae,
subfamily Amaranthoideae. There are 60-90 Amaranth species, 55 of them are
prevalent ones. Several amaranth species are cultivated ones: A. blitum, A. caudatus,
A. mantegazzianus, A. dubius, A. paniculatus, A. spinosus and A. tricolor.
Amaranth species are virtually divided to grain, vegetable, forage, medicinal and
Influence of treatments with Albit on amaranth was carried out in All-Russia Institute
of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding. 0.5 hour soaking of amaranth seeds
(Amaranthus paniculatus) in Albit solution demonstrated pronounced plant
growth stimulating activity. This presowing seed treatment increased germination
and height of plantlets (by 157%). Height of mature plants increased in 2-4 times,
number of real leaves per plant increased by 66%, i.e. Albit provided considerable
increase of biomass yield. Albit also demonstrated high (95-100%) biological efficiency
(BE) against amaranth root rots that considerably decreased death of plant in early
stages of development.