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Oilseed rape

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Materials of this chapter were published in: Zlotnikov, A.K. Efficiency of Albit applied together with insecticides on rape. / Zlotnikov, A.K, Sergeev, V.R., Begunov, I.I., Lebedev, V.B. // Plant protection and quarantine, 2007, Nr. 8, p. 40.

Nowadays, rape (Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera Metzg.) is one of the most promising crops. Agricultural lands occupied by rape fields have been considerably increased over the last years. The primary reason of such popularity is possibility of using rape seeds as a source of biofuel (biodiesel). rape is the crop with high and often unrevealed potential, wich can be realized by efficient plant growth regulators.

Albit action on rape is studied in field trials of Agricultural Research Institute for South-East oblast (RAAS, Saratov, 2005 and 2006), VNII of Plant Protection Ministry of Agriculture RF (Ramon, 2006) and VNII of Biological Plant Protection RAAS (Krasnodar, 2006 and 2007) and other.

According to data of these trials, rape, as well as buckwheat, is the most sensitive to Albit culture: average yield increase provided by Albit treatments is 5.2 centners/hectare ( 42.9% over control).

For treatment of rape, Albit is recommended to be used as an antidote in mixes with insecticides, herbicides and chemical fungicides. Albit relieves or completely abolishes stress action of these chemicals on rape, that provides saving of considerable part of yield. According to data of All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection (2007), supplement of herbicide, insecticide and their combination with Albit provides yield saving of 16.8%, 19.5% and 28.3%, respectively.

In case of rape, the most efficient way of applying Albit is its joint use with insecticides. The insecticide activity remains intact, but antidote effect of Albit provides considerable yield increase (up to 93 % over control). In these experiments it was found that the joint application of Albit with insecticides provides additional yield of rapeseeds (4,4 ton) or rape oil (from 1.3 to 6.0 liters) of per milliliter of Albit. Net income of the application of Albit on rape ranged from 801 to 5538 rubles per hectare (based on all trials conducted in Russia in 2005-2010: to calculate equivalents in Euros, please use 2004 exchange rate of 1 Euro = 35 Rubles).

Due to antidote action in field trials, Albit increased rape yield by 0.17-1.09 t/ha (in average by 0.39 t/ha). In 2015, with use of Albit, world record of the highest rape yield (6.86 t/ha) in the history of agriculture was obtained in Estonia, on 39 hectares field, by farmer Margus Lepp.

Also Albit increased oil content of seeds by 0.3-1.3 %, oil yield by 82.7-297 L/ha, increased weight of 1000 seeds by 0.08-45.3 g, amount of beans per 1 plant by 6.8-41.8 pcs, weight of seeds per 1 plant by 0.68-3.8 g. It is noted immunizing effect of biostimulant against rape deseases: fusariose (biological effectiveness 48 %), blackspot (biological effectiveness 21-79 %), sclerotinia (biological effectiveness 31-75 %), blackleg (biological effectiveness 50-67 %)

In field trials, Albit provided increase of:

  • rape yield by 1.7-10.9 centners/hectare,
  • oil content in rape seeds by 0.3-1.3%,
  • oil output by 82.7-297 litres/hectare,
  • increase of weight of 1000 seeds by 0.08-45.3 g,
  • number of seeds per plant by 6.8-41.8,
  • weight of seeds from one plant by 0.68-3.8 g,
  • stem lenght by 2.5-4.3 cm.

Also, Albit decreases infestation of rape plants with Fusarium wilt (biological efficacy 48 %), Alternaria leaf spot (CE 21-79 %), white blight (CE 31-75 %) and damping-off (BE 50-67 %).

The most effective way of Albit application is foliar spraying (50-70 ml/hectare) in combination with insecticides or herbicides, which might be accompanied with presowing seed treatment (50 ml/tonne of seeds) in combination with chemical fungicides.

Table 1. Results of field trials on joint application of Allbit and insecticides on rape.
Scientific institution, year All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, 2006 All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, 2006 All-Russia Institute of Biological Plant Protection, 2007 Agricultural Institute of South-East, 2005 Agricultural Institute of South-East, 2006 On average
Site of trials Voronezh oblast Krasnodar krai Krasnodar krai Saratov oblast Saratov oblast  
rape spring winter winter spring spring  
Variety Ratnik Oniks Oniks Vizit Ratnik  
Insecticide (active ingredient) alpha-cypermethrin deltamethrin deltamethrin beta-cypermethrin beta-cypermethrin  
Insect pests Meligethes aeneus, Athalia colibri, Entomoscelis adnidis, Pieris brassicae, Barathra brassicae Meligethes aeneus, Eurydema oleraceum, Psylliodes chrysocephala Meligethes aeneus, Psylliodes chrysocephala Meligethes aeneus, Eurydema oleracea, Brevicoryne brassicae Meligethes aeneus, Eurydema oleracea, Brevicoryne brassicae  
BE (control efficacy) of insecticide against complex of pests, % 94 78-98 97-99 86 100 78-100
BE (control efficacy) of the insecticide + Albit mix against pests, % 93 76-97 97-98 86 100 76-100
Yield of seeds in control (insecticide only), centners/hectare 35.3 13.0 11.3-13.2 12.5 10.2 10.2-35.3
Yield of seeds (insecticide + Albit), centners/hectare 41.3 15.5-18.0 13.5-14.5 15.6 16.7-19.7 13.5-41.3
Yield of seeds saved due to antidote effect of Albit, centners/hectare 6.0 2.5-5.0 1.3-2.2 3.1 6.5-9.5 1.3-9.5
Yield of seeds saved due to antidote effect of Albit, % 17 19-39 10-19 25 94-93 10-93
Oil content in seeds in control (insecticide only), % 44.9 46.9 47.0-47.2 44.9-47.2
Increase of oil content due to antidote effect of Albit, absolute % 0.6 0.3-1.3 0.7-1.0 0.3-1.3
Oil output in control (insecticide only), litres/hectare 1583 610 531-623 531-1583
Increase of oil output due to antidote effect of Albit, litres/hectare 297 122-258 81-113 81-297
Increase of oil output provided by using of each ml of Albit, litres 6.0 4.3 1.3-1.9 1.3-6.0
Net profit of supplement of insecticide with Albit, USD/hectare 197.56   170.08   68.24-127.52   52.96   130.32-191.52   52.96-197.56  
Profit/expenses relation of Albit application 44.9 32.2 14.5 12.0 31.1-49.4 12.0-49.4
Tested application rates of Albit, litres/hectare 0.05 0.03-0.06 0.06 0.05 0.03-0.07 0.03-0.07
Optimal application rates (in terms of antidote activity), litres/hectare 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05-0.07 0.05-0.07
() no data

Application of Albit on rape has a good reputation on abroad. For several years Albit is one of the leading products among the main plant growth regulators and microfertilizers in Czech market (in field trials of Czech association of manufacturer of oil-yielding crops, SPZO Svaz pestitelu a zpracovatelu olejnin, www.spzo.cz, Table 2). In 2009-2010 the average yield increase of winter rape was 4.8%, 1 litre of Albit provides additionally 1.46 t of seeds. In 2010-2011 9.5% 2.68 t, respectively.

Table 2. Results of field trials with Albit (Czech association of manufacturer of oil-yielding crops (SPZO), 2-fold with Albit)

Location

Jizerka

Pertoltice

Luze

Krsice

Bilovice

Krasensko

Season

2009-2010

2010-2011

2009-2010

2010-2011

2009-2010

2010-2011

2009-2010

2010-2011

2009-2010

2010-2011

2009-2010

2010-2011

Yield of seeds in control, t/ha (at 8% humidity)

4.00

2.44

3.87

3.20

3.59

4.70

3.36

4.19

-

2.86

-

2.92

Yield of seeds after Albit treatment, t/ha (at 8% humidity)

4.39

2.61

3.90

3.19

3.82

4.94

3.50

4.64

-

3.33

-

3.52

Yield, % from the control

109.7

107.0

100.8

99.7

106.5

105.1

104.0

110.7

-

116.5

-

121.0

( - ) field trial was not conducted

 

In the following Table, you can see all reports on performance of Albit on oilseed rape, available in English. For all available reports, please see corresponding table on Russian webpage.

Year

Country

Region

Institute / Farm

Report

1

2015

Estonia

 

Margus Lepp Farm

2

2014

Germany

Soest

South Westphalia University of Applied Sciences

3

2013

Latvia

Priekuli

State Priekuli Plant Breeding Institute (SPPB)

4

2012-2013

Czech Republic

Kromeriz

Agricultural Research Institute Kromeriz

5

2012

Finland

Inkoo

Vastankvarn experimental station

6

2011-2012

Latvia

Stende

State Stende Cereal Breeding Institute

7

2011-2012

Switzerland

Vuillerens

Rudolf Steiner Farm

8

2011

Estonia

Jogeva

Jogeva Plant Breeding Institute

9

2011

Finland

Inkoo

Vastankvarn experimental station

10

2010-2011

Czech Republic

Prague

Union of Oilseeds Growers and Processors

11

2009-2010

Czech Republic

Prague

Union of Oilseeds Growers and Processors

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