Materials used in this chapter were published in book Zlotnikov
A.K. Biopreparation Albit for yield increase and agricultural crop
protection / A.K. Zlotnikov // E.A. Melkumova (Ed). – 2006. – Podol’sk.
All-Russia Research Institute of Plant Protection of Agricultural Ministry
of Russian Federation. – 327 p. (In Russian)
On flowers of open ground and in greenhouses, Albit is applied as growth regulator
and antidote for reducing of phytotoxic effect of pesticides. Also, Albit activates
growth and development, increases resistance to unfavorable environmental conditions,
increases resistance to diseases, elongates period of flowering, improves decorative
qualities of flowers.
Albit induces blossoming of flowers of open ground and in
greenhouses, accelerates efflorescence, and also promotes more coherent flowering,
increases the number of flowers per plant. Albit accelerates efflorescence
by 3–15 days, elongates the period of flowering by 4-35 days (up to 1.5-2.5
times), improves decorative quality of flowers, increases commercial yield
of flower production of the first and superior classes by 10-15% and resistance
to diseases. After Albit treatment, brighter and saturated coloring of leaves
and flowers are observed because of increased synthesis of chlorophyll and
antioxidants in plant cells. These effects of Albit are observed for many flowers:
roses, gladioluses, carnations, cyclamens, Kafir lily, amaryllis, violets,
primula and others, and confirmed by Expert Conclusion of Pryanishnikov All-Russian
Institute of Agrochemistry.
Here are two other examples of beneficial influence of Albit on flowers:
- Influence of Albit on gladioli (Gladiolus sp.)
was examined in All-Russia Institute of Vegetable Selection and Seed Breeding.
Gladioluses var. Klimens were grown in open ground conditions.
Distance between rows was 40 cm, between plants in rows was 30 cm. Plot (5
m of lenght) consisted of 3 rows with flowers; plot area was 7.5 m2 (0.00075
ha). Treatment with Albit solution (twice per vegetation season, 70 mL/ha)
was carried out with hand sprinkler. In result of Albit spraying, flowering
duration increased from 10 to 13 days, flowers were bigger with a higher
quality of superior class of gladioli;
- Trial on roses var. Gloria Day, carried out by the same institute,
also demonstrated increase of yield of top quality flowers approx. by 10% (first
and superior classes). Treatment with Albit retarded the development of powdery
mildew on rose shrubs and increased average period of flowering from 32 to
37 days. In both variants, treated plants exhibited more bright coloration
of leaves and flowers than untreated ones.
Application of Albit on hothouse orchids Dendrobium sonia growing
on substrate composed of coconut and cellulose was first conducted in Vietnam (greenhouse
complex in Ho Chi Minh, province Binh Duong, 2014). Plants
were sprayed with Albit (in dose 1 mL/10 L of water (400 L/hà))
from the moment of efflorescence of flowers during 4 weeks (one time per week).
Foliar spraying in the control was conducted only with applying of standard foliar
fertilizer. After foliar spraying with Albit, orchid flowed
faster and more uniformly, had more elongated floral branches, thicker and juicy
petals of flowers with coloring brighter than in control (Figs. 1, 2). These
parameters are important for export of flowers.
Fig. 1. Left: orchids Dendrobium
sonia, treated with standard
foliar fertilizer. Flowering is irregular. Right: orchids Dendrobium
sonia, treated with Albit. Flowering is abundant and more uniform.
Fig. 2. Influence of Albit on flowering of orchids
à – Foliar spraying with Albit at the moment of beginning of efflorescence: coloring
of flowers is brighter, petals is thicker than in control; b – control
Growing and stimulating efficacy of Albit was revealed on seedlings
of petunia in Spain (Malaga, 2016). After of planting (10
days), pottery petunia was treated with Albit (1 mL/10 L, foliar spraying)
and after 2 weeks treated plants differed from the control plants: they had
more green leaves and looked healthy (Fig. 3).
Fig. 3. Influence of Albit on seedlings of petunia (Malaga,
Also Albit has a protective effect against
some diseases of flowers. Trials of Ecuadorian company Agrosa Yaruqui on roses (2015)
revealed that biological efficiency of Albit against downy mildew (agent Peronospora)
and powdery mildew (agent Sphaerothecà) was 26.6–28% and 13–77%, respectively
(Fig. 4). Plants were sprayed with Albit (110 mL/hà) in tank mix with fungicide
from 44th to 48th weeks, 1 time per week.
Fig. 4. Influence of Albit on the dynamics of powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca)
disease development on roses
var. Bride (greenhouse complex Agrosa Yaruqui, Ecuador, 2015)
In the same trial on gerbera, biological
efficiency of Albit against powdery mildew (agent Erysiphae,
15–30%) and gray rot (agent Botrytis, 16%) was revealed. On gerbera
Albit was applied two times (with interval 15 days, from 41st to 43d weeks
of vegetation) in dose 110 mL/hà with insecticides.
Application of Albit allowed to eliminate fungicide application. It
was noted, that application of Albit on roses and gerberas with chemical pesticides
increased stability of plants to diseases, decreased phytotoxicity and stress
influence of chemical products on plants. Leaves were smoother and shine, texture
and color were more saturated.
Application recommendations. It is recommended 1-2 foliar
sprayings of flowers: the 1st one at the stage of budding and next ones every
following 2 weeks interval. Recommended application rate of Albit is 60-70
mL/ha (application rate of working solution 600-1000 L/ha). Treatment with
Albit may be combined with watering. Albit solution conc.
1 ml/10 L of water (approx. 1/3 of teaspoon per 10 L bucket) used for watering
should also get not only into the soil but also onto the plant leaves. The
same solution may be used for root and extra root fertilizing, drip irrigation,
saturation of soil mixes. Indicated concentration of Albit may also be added
to solutions of chemical fertilizers and pesticides used for scheduled treatments.
Our trials revealed that watering of indoor flowers (geranium, primula, amaryllis,
violets, azalea and others) with Albit solution considerably increases duration
and intensity of flowering. For example, Kaffir lily (Clivia miniata)
in the head office of Albit LLC blossoms during major portion of winter, spring
and summer, that is far out of the typical flowering period from January to
April (Fig. 5). Flowers on garden plots are pleasant to look at them from early
spring and until the late autumn (Fig. 6).
Fig. 5. Blossoming Kafir lily (on the left) and violet (on the
right) in Albit LLC head office
Fig. 6. Flowers treated with Albit grown at the dacha of Director
General of Albit LLC